Learn how to easily enhance filtration for saltwater marine aquariums

Saltwater Aquarium Filtration System - Saltwater Aquarium Online Guide
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Water changes are a staple of good maintenance. Larger (approximately 200 US gallons (760 L)) aquariums are much more stable and water changes may not need to take place if the has fully established itself in the tank, although this is a controversial statement among aquarists. Water changes are used to maintain balance of calcium, carbonate alkalinity, and magnesium which are rapidly depleted in a reef aquarium, while also maintaining levels of other trace elements as well as removing toxic solutes which may accumulate from many different sources and cannot be removed by even advanced filtration methods. Supplements are needed (such as calcium) when regular water changes alone are not able to maintain adequate levels, particularly those of calcium, carbonate, and magnesium. Water changes involve removing a fraction of the total volume of the aquarium, replacing that water with new pre-mixed saltwater. Pre-mixed saltwater has been dechlorinated and/or dechloraminated—typically with an additive such as bisulfite or through filtering. Water should be brought to the same temperature if more than a 5% change is occurring. Salinity should match that of the aquarium, or be dosed very slowly if altering the salinity. Aging and aerating saltwater (such as in a bucket with a or airstone) is recommended as good practice to allow the pH to stabilize.
Selecting the right saltwater aquarium filtration system for your aquarium is a very important task.
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For more insight on the many ways filtration systems are utilized, browse our . These are links to personal saltwater Web sites where aquarists' provide all kinds of detailed information about their aquariums, including their filtration set ups. You now that you have an idea on what types of saltwater aquarium filtration system is out in the market, but…..
Photo provided by FlickrSo I hope this section will help you understand the different types of saltwater aquarium filtration and its process.
Photo provided by FlickrIt helps improve the health in most saltwater aquariums. It is also important for the efficiency of your biological filtration.
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Sometimes you can find some really deals on complete saltwater aquarium kits whereas other times it is better to buy the equipment individually. Now is the time to decide on the type of filtration you will want to use when you setup your saltwater aquarium and the type of protein skimmer. We do not recommend using an undergravel filter. An undergravel filter is not needed and will only cause you headaches down the road. Since we will be using live rock as our biological filter, you really only need a modest filter for the mechanical and chemical filtration. Don't skimp on the . After the live rock, the protein skimmer is probably the next most important piece of equipment. When it comes to protein skimmers you really do get what you pay for. We have posted a few and there are many more out there. Listed below are skimmers that we have reviewed:Only add one or two saltwater fish at a time. Only adding a couple saltwater fish at a time gives your filtration system the time needed to take on the increased biological load that the new fish introduce. When bringing home new saltwater fish, the acclimation process is a little more involved. Dump the bag contents (fish and water) into a clean 5-gallon bucket and then add about 1 cup of aquarium water to the 5 gallon bucket every 10 minutes. Continue to add 1 cup of aquarium water to the 5-gallon bucket every 10 minutes. After an hour or so your marine fish or invertebrate should be ready to add to the aquarium (qt tank). Following this more involved acclimation process will help reduce the amount of stress imposed on the saltwater fish. Stressed fish often leads to dead fish! Don't feed your saltwater fish on the first day. They probably wouldn't eat any food on the first day anyway. Let them get acquainted with their new home.Live rock is probably going to be the greatest expense with the initial setup of a saltwater aquarium. For a reef tank setup it may be the . For this reason, you are probably going to treat your live rock like gold once you get it. However, even though it can cost a lot of money, it will probably end up saving you money (in fish) because it is the best form of biological filtration. The curing process can last anywhere from 1 week to 2 months or more depending on the shape the rock is in when you get it.The topic of chemical is described in just about every textbook written on saltwater aquariums, yet few people really seem to understand its capabilities, limitations and applications. There are numerous forms of filtration that could fall under the category of chemical filtration depending on their mode of operation. For the purposes of this article, we will limit our discussion to the common forms of chemical filtration used in reef aquariums: activated carbon, foam fractionation (also known as protein skimming), molecular adsorbants and ozone.