battles algae in their aquarium

This algae guide explains the types seen in aquariums, their causes and their cures
Photo provided by Flickr
Algae is a broad term used to classify a wide range of plant-like organisms. There are a few types of algae you may encounter in your freshwater aquarium, but green and brown are the most common. Both are a result of normal processes in your tank, and no cause for alarm. Brown algae are easily dislodged from surfaces with a quick wipe, but green algae are a little tougher to get rid of and needs to be scraped away.
Oct 7, 2012 - Cyanobacteria appear in salt and freshwater aquariums and are known as red slime or blue-green algae
Photo provided by Flickr
If you see something green and fuzzy growing on your tank surfaces, it is probably some kind of algae. Not all algae is green, however, and it might not all be fuzzy. There are a number of different types of algae which can be found growing in freshwater aquariums. Know your algae – here are seven different types of freshwater algae you might encounter and how to control them. Erythromycin is also effective against Blue-Green algae
Photo provided by FlickrFreshwater Aquarium Pests What Causes Brown Algae ..
Photo provided by FlickrJun 2, 2017 - Aquarium algae is one of the most frustrating problems that aquarium ..
Photo provided by Flickr
Various kinds of algae inhabit freshwater aquariums. Diatoms are brown with silica-based cell walls, usually taking hold in tanks with low lighting. Red algae, counterintuitively, are a dark or dirty green, with different subspecies known as hair, brush and beard algae. These typically begin growing on plant leaves, but may appear on other tank items. Green algae -- one type of which are the ones that turns pond water, and sometimes tank water, green -- are fairly common and thrive in bright lighting, but are a favorite snack of many freshwater fish, so they don't often achieve overgrowth. Blue-green algae most easily achieves overgrowth in nutrient-rich, still water; infrequent water changes and too little circulation are the biggest contributors.One of the most popular algae eating snails are the Nerite Snails. With their beautiful zebra like shell, and their huge appetite for algae, it’s no surprise why these little gems are as common as they are. Nerite Snails are known to eat every type of algae found in a freshwater aquarium, including the harder to eradicate ones such as Green Spot Algae and Green Beard Algae. They are bottom dwellers as well, so they can also help clean your substrate.How can you get rid of algae growth when it overtakes your freshwater tank, or at least control it before the fish start to suffer? That green gunky stuff covers aquarium decorations, climbs the glass of the tank, and sometimes even gets on the aquarium inhabitants themselves.The secret to controlling algae in your freshwater tank is to limit the things algae needs to grow. You cannot reduce your water level without affecting your fish, but you can take away other key nutrients like light. Algae is most likely to grow in tanks that are placed in direct sunlight and in tanks that have a surplus of artificial lighting. Keep your tank away from windows and only keep your tank lights on for 10 to 12 hours per day. You can also limit the nutrients that algae needs to grow – this includes nitrate and phosphate. Using an aquarium filter and performing water changes to keep the water quality in your tank high will help you to accomplish this goal. Another option is to stock your tank with algae-eating fish or invertebrates. Most species only eat green algae, but you can find species that specialize in eating certain types of algae if you do your research.