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My freshwater tank: I have two black kuhli loaches, Pangio oblonga. These fish are a riot to watch!
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One of the greatest joys within the tropical freshwater hobby surely is keeping loaches from the genus , members of the family Cobitidae. Unfortunately, finding any accurate information on their care can be difficult, and many wrong opinions abound. To add to the confusion, the genus was revised in 2004, placing the majority of the Botiine loaches into new genera. In this article, I hope to provide solid information on the proper care of these wonderful fish, and show you how a shoal of loaches can really liven up your aquarium.
Angelica's Botia, Featured item 10/10. #angelicus #botia #loach #loaches #fish #petfish #aquarium #freshwater #featureditem
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Loaches are more susceptible to disease than other aquarium fishes. This may have to do with the faint body scales and no head scales. So take caution when introducing these fish to an established tank. They are also very sensitive to different medications used to treat many diseases; a separate hospital tank is needed. Cold water and condition changes can also cause stress to this fish which makes them even more prone to disease.Most common disease that affects this loach is Ich. Ich is short for Ichthyophthirius, also known as "white spot disease". It is a parasite that can attack nearly all aquarium fishes, but you'll find that loaches are often the first to be attacked. Take great care in treating ick as loaches are very sensitive to the medications used to treat it. Often the dose is half of what is normally used.The second most common thing that affects loaches is a thing called skinny disease. This can be diagnosed fairly easily. If your loaches are eating a nitrous and healthy amounts and still seems to loose weight it is a good chance it has skinny disease. This is caused by internal parasites and can be treated with medication if used carefully.An outbreak of disease can often be limited to just one or a few fishes if you deal with it at an early stage. When keeping these sensitive types of fish, it is common to catch deteriorating water conditions and disease before other fish are affected. The best way to proactively prevent disease is to give your Polka Dot Loach the proper environment and give them a well balanced diet. The closer to their natural habitat the less stress the fish will have, making them healthier and happy. A stressed fish will is more likely to acquire disease.Anything you add to your tank can bring disease to your tank. Not only other fish but plants, substrate, and decorations can harbor bacteria. Take great care and make sure to properly clean or quarantine anything that you add to an established tank so not to upset the balance. It is recommended to read up on the common tank diseases. Knowing the signs and catching and treating them early makes a huge difference. For information about freshwater fish diseases and illnesses, see . Tropical Fish for Freshwater Aquariums: Kubotai Loach - Live Aquaria
Photo provided by FlickrTropical Fish for Freshwater Aquariums: Clown Loach - Live Aquaria
Photo provided by FlickrThe Clown Loach is a must-have fish for many freshwater enthusiasts
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The Dojo Loach can be considered a good fish for the freshwater fish beginner because it generally has undemanding water parameters, except for the temperature. They need lower water temperatures in the 65°F - 75°F range (18°C - 24°C) which may limit the number of possible tank mates. Provide them with a softer substrate because they like to burrow. Sand or aquarium gravel that is rounded should suffice.These fine fish are wonderful to own and raise. I have a loach tank, 110 gallon freshwater tank with an filstar xp3 canister filter and two powerheads, for extra gas exchange. My clowns and my botia angellicus fit right in together. You must have a closed tank, I left the back guard off and in the night and three tank mates jumped out at the same place. Always but loaches in three's. By stocking as such, you prevent pairing up to an extent, and also sets the stage for a community tank. These botia "angels" are friendly and will explore everything and every wherer they can. When loaches get sleepy, they ALL disapear! POOF cant find one of them, but the next day, its back to "dancing for food" wiggle they do. Buy three of these, in a large tank you can enjoy them for a long time to come. We have three large Clown Loaches that we originally purchased about 16 months ago at 1-1/2 to 2 inches. Our fish are a nice orange-yellow with black stripes and have blood-red fins. My daughters hand-feed them - they are that tame. Clown Loaches like clean water, so keep your tank clean. They also need plants, rocks, or a cave to get out of the direct light, which they don't like much. These fish get big, so plan for space. Have fun, I have had freshwater tanks for years, and the Clown Loaches are my all-time favorite fish.I have several tanks. I keep the Clown Loach in the 55 gallon freshwater community oddball tank. He is among the most unique in the tank. He actually lays on his side like he is dead. At feeding time, he turns upside down and takes flakes off the surface of the water. I highly recommend this fish to anyone who appreciates unique fish, like me.