How To Clean Sand Aquarium Substrate - YouTube

Using Sand for Aquarium Substrate - Oscar Fish Care
Photo provided by Flickr
In combination with a good filtration system, sand can be the cleanest substrate of all. Sand will compact itself and food particles can not penetrate the surface. A strong filtration system will simply remove the particles from the surface. In many cases, the filter intake tube will have to be adjusted in order to avoid the sand being pulled inside the filter. With good filtration in place, the sand does not have to be cleaned as frequently as compared to common aquarium gravel.
Sand as a substrate will also provide a more natural habitat for many species and bottom dwellers.
Aquarium Sand & Gravel Substrate for Saltwater & Freshwater Tanks
Photo provided by Flickr
If you are looking to achieve that flat and immaculate look with your aquarium substrate, an aqua sand flattener is an absolute essential piece of kit in the aquascaper’s tool bag. It is used to distribute the top level of substrate cleanly and evenly. This tool makes changes in the layout and maintenance very easy. Guess what? Buy stainless! In the 1950s, about the only substrate material available for aquariums was white sand
Photo provided by FlickrPour Imagitarium White Sand Aquarium Substrate to create a foundation that makes colors pop
Photo provided by FlickrIs River Sand A Good Substrate For A Planted Aquarium
Photo provided by Flickr
The material that sits in the bottom of an aquarium is called substrate. There are several different choices for aquarium substrate, the most common of which are sand and gravel. While sand and gravel might seem quite similar, each one has its benefits and drawbacks. Deciding which one to use depends on the types of fish you are going to keep in your tank as well as some other considerations. Our guide will help you decide which is best for your aquarium.Sand substrate doesn’t allow water to flow through it as well as gravel does. However, if your tank includes fish that like to burrow and scavenge in the sand, they will do the job of filtering the substrate. Sand has a couple of other benefits when compared to gravel. Many aquarium owners think it looks more natural, better mimicking the lakes or riverbeds that make up fish’ natural habitats. In addition, closely packed sand substrate needs to be changed less frequently. Because there are smaller gaps between the sand particles than between gravel particles, old food and plant matter tend to stay on top of the substrate rather than sinking to the bottom where they can rot and decay.Now that I knew this sand would have no ill effects on my water parameters and I knew I could achieve the look I wanted in my tank the next step was to make this substrate more plant friendly. This is the expensive part... I chose Flourite as the base layer which can be used by itself or used in a "mix" as I did to ensure the plants would get some benefits from the rooting base as opposed to straight sand or aquarium gravel.Some aquarists like to decoratively landscape their tanks using both gravel and sand, but they typically put the two types of substrate in different locations of the tank. This is fine as long as the sand isn't so fine that its surface constantly sends up dust into the water, which quickly clogs filters. Also, the sand should be raked every so often so it can't settle into a hard pack of mud on the bottom.Sand and gravel can be used together in aquariums, but if the gravel is put down first it will end up on top as the sand gradually settles to the bottom. Sand can't be used with gravel when using under-gravel filters as the motor won't be able to suck the water through both the gravel and the hard-packed sand. This means that the wastes won't be filtered out and will just sit there on the substrate.Some plants and animals you may keep in your aquarium have strong preferences for either sand or gravel substrate. For example, many species of cichlids need sand substrate in order to thrive since eating particles of sand help them digest food. Goldfish, on the other hand, risk suffering from an intestinal blockage if they accidentally ingest sand and so should always be housed in gravel substrate. Aquarium plants also have preferences for sand or gravel, so make sure to research the needs of the plants and animals in your tank before committing to sand or gravel.